HISTOIRE ET LÉGENDE DU DIAMANT

HISTORY AND LEGEND OF THE DIAMOND

Diamond is the birthstone for the month of April. A large number of legends surrounding the diamond have their origins in India and were transmitted and adapted when the diamond appeared in Europe. The ancient Indian lapidaries warned against bad luck those who would wear a diamond that was not perfect, while "he whose body was pure and who had on him a diamond with a sharp point, without defect, completely pure, would see his daily life filled with joy, prosperity and health; he would be surrounded by children, would have good harvests, would have cows and herds until the end of his days.” In the West, according to most medieval authors, the diamond protected against poison, while others considered the diamond itself to be a poison. We have also associated diamond and love, diamond and engagement ring; However, the image of the diamond as a symbol of love is relatively recent. It is due to a vast advertising campaign launched by De Beers towards the end of the 1930s and is also explained by the fact that before the discovery of South African diamonds towards the end of the 19th century, the diamond was a rare stone.
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